India is a culturally rich country and we can say the same thing for Indian climate. India witnesses extraordinary variety in climatic conditions, ranging from extreme tropical in southern part to alpine in Northern most. State like Tamil Nadu, Kerla, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh experience tropical climate and States of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand receiving sustained snowfall and cold winds. Other states Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Orrisa, Maharashtra, Gujrat, North Eastern States experience moderate to extreme hot climate with rainfall in months of June to October until the onset of mild to moderate winter. The temperature variance across India ranges from as low as -15 degree centigrade to 50 degree centigrade.
This climate variation shape the habits and way of living of population. In India there is a famous saying: “kos kos par badle paani, chaar kos par baani” – India is a multi-diversity country where the taste of water changes with every 3 kilometres and language changes within 12 kilometres. And Indians take pride in being united despite so much of diversity. This weather also keeps Indian soil greatly enriched, making India self-sufficient in food grains and pulses.
Climate in India is categories into four different seasons:
• Winter Season: December to February. The year’s coldest months are December and January.
• Summer Season: April to June. The year’s hottest months are May and June.
• Monsoon or Rainy Season: July to September. The rains starts from Southern India from mid of June, moving up towards Northern India over month of July. By mid of July, most of India feels relieved with onset of monsoon which continue till end of September. This is the most colourful season when flowers blossom all around.
• Autumn Season: October to November. In north-western India, October and November are usually cloudless. Tamil Nadu receives most of its annual precipitation in the northeast monsoon season.
These four seasons complete one cycle of a year and every person welcomes and enjoy these as if these are different phases one’s life, drawing comparison to ups and downs of life.